WelcomeAbout
StaffContactEvent CalendarThe EvoS FundBooksWebsitesTutorialStart Your Own
Seminars
Fall 2007
Barbara EhrenreichJonathan HaidtHoward RachlinCarlo MaleyJeffrey CarpenterPeter TurchinJack SchultzScott Turner
Spring 2008
Anthony BiglanWilliam CreskoPatricia HawleyAndrew DeWoodyJoseph LeDouxJames NoonanBarbara FinlayGordon GallupRichard PouyatElizabeth Adkins-ReganJames MacKillop
Fall 2008
David Sloan WilsonBarbara OakleyBNP SymposiumRichard MichodMichael BellRandy OlsonWilliam RomeyChris ReiberSteven BrownBrian Boyd
Spring 2009
Dennis EmbryDavid HackerSteven PlatekSue MargulisSue Savage-RumbaughSteven NeubergHarvey WhitehouseThomas SeeleyGeorge LevineHelen Fisher
Video: "The Drive to Love and Who We Choose"
Fall 2009
Liza MoscoviceDiane M. Doran-SheehyKaren HollisPeter O. GrayChris KuzawaSteven SiegelRolf Quam
Rolf Quam 10/30/2009 EvoS Seminar Presentation
Bill JankowiakBaba BrinkmanPeter B. GrayMassimo Pigliucci
Massimo Pigliucci 12/4/2009 EvoS Seminar Presentation
Spring 2010
John GowdyDaniel LendeWilliam Harcourt-SmithTodd K. ShackelfordIain CouzinBruce HoodMelissa Emery ThompsonNancy EasterlinSteve NowickiJohn Marshall TownsendJoan Silk
Fall 2010
Josh BongardFred SmithDarryl de RuiterJay BelskyKari SegravesJulie SeamanLisa Karrer and David SimonsRick HarrisonRebecca SearTom LangenDaniel Kruger
Spring 2011
Steven C. HayesAndreas Duus PapeJessica LightMaryanne FisherGreg UrbanAndreas Koenig & Carola BorriesDaniel NettleDeane BowersCharles T. Snowdon
Fall 2011
David Sloan WilsonDavid C. LahtiRichard R. ShakerSergio AlmécijaHugo MercierLeslie C. AielloMark E. RitchieAdam LaatsLinda IvanyRalph M. GarrutoAdam Siepel
Spring 2012
John RieffelDr. Linda S. RayorDan EisenbergKevin L. PolkAndrew C. GallupKevin M. KniffinDavid DobbsNicole CameronJonathan HaidtDr. Joseph L. Graves, Jr.
Fall 2012
Barry X. KuhleCraig Eric MorrisCarin PerillouxDavid Sloan WilsonEric AlaniJesse BeringEli BridgeJaak Panksepp
Spring 2013
John TeehanRobert HolahanJenny Kao-KniffinShara BaileyHod LipsonDominic JohnsonMatthew HareCraig Eric MorrisBrooks MinerMichael RoseDavid Sloan Wilson
Fall 2013
Steven BrownNina FeffermanJohn Gowdy and Lisi KrallWarren Douglas AllmonTrenton HollidayJonathan GottschallArnab RoyDavid SchafferMichele GelfandJames SobelPatrick RoosEvoS Food Panel
Spring 2014
Daniel O’BrienBruce RobertsonRobert S. FeranecHeather FiumeraLuther H. MartinBjorn GrindeSarah RadtkeAleksey KolmogorovKathleen Sterling & Sébastien LacombeDebate! Evolutionary Psychology vs. Feminist CritiqueEducation Brown Bag
Fall 2014
Gad SaadT. Joel WadeNelson G. Hairston, Jr.Francis J. YammarinoDerek TurnerMatthew M. GervaisBernd BlosseyRolf QuamKelsey DancauseSharon Street
Spring 2015
Debra LiebermanMichael BerkmanDavid Sloan WilsonJason Munshi-SouthMa’ikwe Schaub LudwigJustin GarsonRéginald AugerDavid DaviesPatrica WrightCraig Eric MorrisMeredith E Coles
Fall 2015
Aaron J. Sams
Suggest a Speaker
Students
Undergraduate Students
Undergraduate Student AssociationSUNY Broome Transfer Course ListUndergraduate RequirementsUndergraduate Courses
Graduate Students
Graduate Student OrganizationGraduate RequirementsGraduate Courses
Others
EvoS from a DistanceNon-Matriculated Students
Faculty
Becoming InvolvedEvoS as an Institute for Advanced StudiesLeslie HeywoodCo-hosting
Projects
Early Childhood Education WorkshopInsect SamplingEvoS Lifestyle Project"What's New in EvoS" Podcast
Alumni Corner
Andrew C. GallupLiza R. MoscoviceJustin R. GarciaJennifer Campbell-SmithMichael L MillerCraig Eric MorrisDaniel Weinstein
 

Matthew M. Gervais

Postdoctoral Associate

Department of Anthropology

Rutgers University

Egalitarian motives in a stratified society: Evidence from RICH economic games in Fiji

September 15th, 2014

Seminar Abstract

Experimental economic games have shed significant light on variation in human social behavior. However, most of these games involve anonymous recipients, limiting their generalizability beyond fleeting interactions. Enduring, networked relationships were the cradle of human uniqueness and remain essential to human adaptation across societies. Mapping the mechanisms that structure human social relationships will require methods that have the virtues of economic games – including incentivized behavior, and replicability and comparability across sites – but which integrate recipient identities and allow for the study of Recipient Identity-Conditioned Heuristics (RICHs) such as reciprocity, kinship norms, and need-based helping. This paper describes three RICH economic games that integrate recipient identities and reports their validation in a study of male social relationships in a fishing-horticultural village in Fiji, characterized by both hierarchy and communalism. The three games, an Allocation Game, a Taking Game, and a Costly Reduction Game, involve monetary decisions made across a photo array of other villagers. Levels of both altruism and spite in these games are higher than those found using anonymous games in neighboring villages. Recipient need is the major driver of giving and refraining from taking, while the wealthiest villagers are the mostly likely to be reduced at a cost. Such need-based giving and leveling are hallmarks of human egalitarianism, evident here even in a stratified society. These methods hold promise for mapping population variation in the norms and sentiments supporting cooperation within human communities, significantly advancing the toolkit of the evolutionary behavioral sciences.

On the deep structure of affect: Emotions, sentiments, and the case of “contempt”

Lunch Talk Abstract

1pm to 2pm

Science 3 room 214.

In this talk I will develop an adaptationist model of basic affect systems that can account for population variation in folk affect concepts, thereby bridging Universalist and Constructionist approaches to affect. Specifically, I will use an analysis of the perplexing folk affect concept “contempt” to resurrect and refine a forgotten construct in social psychology, the sentiment. “Sentiment” once vied with “attitude” to be the “foundation of all social psychology” (Allport 1935; McDougall, 1933), but fell from favor for various reasons; a modern remodeling of the construct could constitute a major stride in the affective sciences. Sentiments are the deep structure of social affect – each is a functional network of basic affect systems that includes diverse fleeting emotions moderated by an enduring evaluative representation, or attitude. Candidate sentiments include Love, Hate, Respect, Fear, Liking, and Contempt; each tracks costs and/or benefits within a relationship and implements adaptive emotions across relational situations, thereby serving both bookkeeping and commitment functions. Folk affect concepts conflate the causally- and temporally-linked components of these underlying affect networks, which themselves vary in their deployment across individuals and populations. This predicts variation in folk affect concepts patterned by the costs and benefits of social relationships and the experienced distribution of social-relational adaptive problems. This model can resolve the “special case” of contempt and illuminate other prominent cases of cultural and historical variation in affect concepts, while foregrounding the universal social-relational functions that many emotions, and sentiments, serve.

Biography

Matthew M. Gervais is a Postdoctoral Associate in the Department of Anthropology at Rutgers University, with a visiting appointment at the School of Human Evolution and Social Change at Arizona State University. For the past year he was a Junior Research Fellow at the SAGE Center for the Study of the Mind at UC Santa Barbara. Matt received his PhD in Anthropology from UCLA in 2013, after graduating from Binghamton University in 2006 with degrees in Psychobiology, Philosophy and Anthropology, along with an inaugural EvoS certificate. Matt’s research bridges anthropology and psychology, focusing on the evolution of human social relationships and their proximate bases. His primary research occurs in villages in Yasawa, Fiji, where he was studied the social-relational functions of affect and the relational contexts of sharing and punishment. He also conducts research in the US on subclinical psychopathy as a model of strategic social behavior.

Reading

Reading will be posted to the EvoS blackboard group. Anyone with a Binghamton University email address can request to be added to the blackboard group by emailing EvoS[at]binghamton[dot]edu.

Video

Video will be posted following the talk. There will be no video for the lunch talk.


EvoS Event Calendar

EvoS Fund Logo

David Sloan Wilson Logo

Log in