StaffContactEvent CalendarThe EvoS FundBooksWebsitesTutorialStart Your Own
Fall 2007
Barbara EhrenreichJonathan HaidtHoward RachlinCarlo MaleyJeffrey CarpenterPeter TurchinJack SchultzScott Turner
Spring 2008
Anthony BiglanWilliam CreskoPatricia HawleyAndrew DeWoodyJoseph LeDouxJames NoonanBarbara FinlayGordon GallupRichard PouyatElizabeth Adkins-ReganJames MacKillop
Fall 2008
David Sloan WilsonBarbara OakleyBNP SymposiumRichard MichodMichael BellRandy OlsonWilliam RomeyChris ReiberSteven BrownBrian Boyd
Spring 2009
Dennis EmbryDavid HackerSteven PlatekSue MargulisSue Savage-RumbaughSteven NeubergHarvey WhitehouseThomas SeeleyGeorge LevineHelen Fisher
Video: "The Drive to Love and Who We Choose"
Fall 2009
Liza MoscoviceDiane M. Doran-SheehyKaren HollisPeter O. GrayChris KuzawaSteven SiegelRolf Quam
Rolf Quam 10/30/2009 EvoS Seminar Presentation
Bill JankowiakBaba BrinkmanPeter B. GrayMassimo Pigliucci
Massimo Pigliucci 12/4/2009 EvoS Seminar Presentation
Spring 2010
John GowdyDaniel LendeWilliam Harcourt-SmithTodd K. ShackelfordIain CouzinBruce HoodMelissa Emery ThompsonNancy EasterlinSteve NowickiJohn Marshall TownsendJoan Silk
Fall 2010
Josh BongardFred SmithDarryl de RuiterJay BelskyKari SegravesJulie SeamanLisa Karrer and David SimonsRick HarrisonRebecca SearTom LangenDaniel Kruger
Spring 2011
Steven C. HayesAndreas Duus PapeJessica LightMaryanne FisherGreg UrbanAndreas Koenig & Carola BorriesDaniel NettleDeane BowersCharles T. Snowdon
Fall 2011
David Sloan WilsonDavid C. LahtiRichard R. ShakerSergio AlmécijaHugo MercierLeslie C. AielloMark E. RitchieAdam LaatsLinda IvanyRalph M. GarrutoAdam Siepel
Spring 2012
John RieffelDr. Linda S. RayorDan EisenbergKevin L. PolkAndrew C. GallupKevin M. KniffinDavid DobbsNicole CameronJonathan HaidtDr. Joseph L. Graves, Jr.
Fall 2012
Barry X. KuhleCraig Eric MorrisCarin PerillouxDavid Sloan WilsonEric AlaniJesse BeringEli BridgeJaak Panksepp
Spring 2013
John TeehanRobert HolahanJenny Kao-KniffinShara BaileyHod LipsonDominic JohnsonMatthew HareCraig Eric MorrisBrooks MinerMichael RoseDavid Sloan Wilson
Fall 2013
Steven BrownNina FeffermanJohn Gowdy and Lisi KrallWarren Douglas AllmonTrenton HollidayJonathan GottschallArnab RoyDavid SchafferMichele GelfandJames SobelPatrick RoosEvoS Food Panel
Spring 2014
Daniel O’BrienBruce RobertsonRobert S. FeranecHeather FiumeraLuther H. MartinBjorn GrindeSarah RadtkeAleksey KolmogorovKathleen Sterling & Sébastien LacombeDebate! Evolutionary Psychology vs. Feminist CritiqueEducation Brown Bag
Fall 2014
Gad SaadT. Joel WadeNelson G. Hairston, Jr.Francis J. YammarinoDerek TurnerMatthew M. GervaisBernd BlosseyRolf QuamKelsey DancauseSharon Street
Spring 2015
Debra LiebermanMichael BerkmanDavid Sloan WilsonJason Munshi-SouthMa’ikwe Schaub LudwigJustin GarsonRéginald AugerDavid DaviesPatrica WrightCraig Eric MorrisMeredith E Coles
Fall 2015
Aaron J. Sams
Suggest a Speaker
Undergraduate Students
Undergraduate Student AssociationSUNY Broome Transfer Course ListUndergraduate RequirementsUndergraduate Courses
Graduate Students
Graduate Student OrganizationGraduate RequirementsGraduate Courses
EvoS from a DistanceNon-Matriculated Students
Becoming InvolvedEvoS as an Institute for Advanced StudiesLeslie HeywoodCo-hosting
Early Childhood Education WorkshopInsect SamplingEvoS Lifestyle Project"What's New in EvoS" Podcast
Alumni Corner
Andrew C. GallupLiza R. MoscoviceJustin R. GarciaJennifer Campbell-SmithMichael L MillerCraig Eric MorrisDaniel Weinstein

Patricia Hawley

Department of Psychology
University of Kansas

The Evolution of Morality, and Some (Surprising) Implications for Children’s Social Functioning

February 22, 2008
Engineering Building 110, 4:00 PM


The present work addresses moral functioning (cognition, affect, behavior) and children’s aggression and integration with the peer group. Traditional theoretical models (and conventional wisdom) maintain that moral functioning is negatively related to aggression, and that aggression in turn is negatively related to positive peer regard (e.g. kids don’t like immoral, aggressive peers). In contrast, the present (evolutionary) perspective sees morality more akin to a social tool, and, as such, the various aspects of morality may be independent from aggression (i.e., zero relationship) or even positively associated. Traditional variable-centered approaches (i.e., those that examine linear relationships among variables) are compared to Hawley’s typological approach to social dominance (i.e., ‘types’ of socially dominant children). Results suggest that traditional slants cannot explain well moral development in all children largely due to a sizeable group of highly aggressive, morally astute, and socially preferred of children (bistrategic social dominants). Social dominance is well served by understanding group norms and rules, even if they are not adhered to when they impede instrumental goals. Moreover, social dominance – even when associated with aggression – attracts a good deal of admiration and liking.

Sexual Fantasies of Domination: Feminine Pathology or Power? (2/21/2009 Noon Talk)

The present work addresses forceful submission fantasies in men and women. Although many approaches implicitly or explicitly cast females’ force fantasies in a pathological light, the present study seeks to explore the associations of such fantasy to female power. By adopting an evolutionary meta-theoretical perspective (and a resource control theoretic perspective; Hawley, 1999), we hypothesize that highly agentic dominant women prefer forceful submission fantasies more than subordinate women as a means to connect them to agentic dominant men. Additionally, we hypothesized men would prefer submission fantasies over domination fantasies because of their attraction to agency and dominance in women. Two studies were conducted with nearly 900 college students (men and women) from a large Midwestern university. Predilection for such fantasies was found to be a function of overall sex fantasy content and beliefs about women’s sexuality for women, and social dominance for men. Analysis of meaning supports theoretical perspectives proposing that forceful submission reflects desires for sexual power on behalf of the fantasist. Implications for evolutionary approaches to human mate preferences are discussed.


Pat’s doctoral work involved quantifying inter-individual differences in intra-individual behavioral change processes (i.e., “personality”) in a captive group of Asian elephants. She took up human social development at the Max Planck Institute in Berlin, Germany, as a post-doc, and returned to the U.S. by way of a research position at Yale. She has been at the University of Kansas since 2002 where she integrates evolutionary principles with psychological approaches to human behavior across the life span, especially as such integration pertains to aggression, social competence, and power. Her 2007 volume (Aggression and adaptation: The bright side to bad behavior) challenges deeply entrenched beliefs held by traditionally trained developmentalists that aggression forebodes significant negative developmental outcomes for the aggressive child.


  1. Strategies of control, aggression, morality in preschoolers: An evolutionary perspective
  2. The Ontogenesis of social dominance: A strategy-based evolutionary perspective
  3. The myth of the alpha male: A new look at dominance-related beliefs and behaviors among adolescent males and females

Tags: ,

Spring 2008 Seminar Series Icon